Section 1. General Provisions
Section 2. What Constitutes Community Property
Section 3. Charges upon and Obligations of the Absolute Community
Section 4. Ownership, Administration, Enjoyment and Disposition of the Community Property
Section 5. Dissolution of Absolute Community Regime
Section 6. Liquidation of the Absolute Community Assets and Liabilities
Section 1. General Provisions
Section 2. Exclusive Property of Each Spouse
Section 3 Conjugal Property
Section 4. Charges upon and Obligations of the Conjugal Partnership
Section 5. Administration of the Conjugal Partnership Property
Section 6. Dissolution of Conjugal Partnership Regime
Section 7.Lliquidation of the Conjugal Partnership Assets and Liabilities
Chapter 5. Separation of Property of the Spouses and Administration of Common Property by One Spouse during the Marriage
Chapter 6. Regime of Separation of Property
Chapter 7. Property Regime of Unions without Marriage
Chapter 1. General Provisions
Chapter 2. Substitute and Special Parental Authority
Chapter 3. Effects of Parental Authority upon the Persons of the Children
Chapter 4. Effect of Parental Authority upon the Property of the Children
Chapter 5 Suspension or Termination of Parental Authority
Art. 121. The conjugal partnership shall be liable for:
Art. 131. Whenever the liquidation of the conjugal
partnership properties of two or more marriages contracted
by the same person before the effectivity of this Code is
carried out simultaneously, the rspective capital, fruits
and income of each partnership shall be determined upon such
proof as may be considered according to the rules of evidence. In case of doubt as to which partnership the existing properties belong, the same shall be divided between and among the different partnerships in proportion to the capital and duration of each. (189a)
Art. 132. The Rules of the Court on the administration of estates of feceased persons shall be observed in the appraisal and sale of property of the cojugal partnership, and other matters which are not expressly determined in this Chapter. (187a)
Art. 133. From the common mass of property, support shall be given to the surviving spouse and to the children during the liquidation of the inventoried property and until what belongs to them is delivered; but from this shall be deducted that amount received for support which exceeds the fruits or rents pertaining to them. (180a)
Art. 134. In the absence of an express declaration in
the marriage settlements, the separation of property between
spouses during the marriage shall not take place except by
judicial order. Such judicial separation of property may either be voluntary or for sufficient cause. (190a)
Art. 135. Any of the following shall be considered sufficient cause for judicial separation of property:
Art. 163. The filiation of children may be by nature or
by adoption. Natural filiation may be legitimate or illegitimate. (n)
Art. 164. Children conceuved or born during the marriage of the parents are legitimate.
Children conceived as a result of artificial insemination of the wife with the sperm of the husband or that of a donor or both are likewise legitimate children of the husband and his wife, provided that both of them authorized or ratified such insemination in a written instrument executed and signed by them before the birth of the child. The instrument shall be recorded in the civil registry together with the birth certificate if the child. (255a, 258a)
Art. 165. Children conceived and born outside a valid marriage are illegitimate, unless otherwise provided in this Code. (n)
Art. 166. Legitimacy of a child may be impugned only on the following grounds:
Art. 172. The filiation of legitimate children is established by any of the following:
Art. 177. Only children conceived and born outside of
wedlock of parents who, at the time of the conception of the
former, were not disqualified by any impediment to marry each other may be legitimated. (269a)
Art. 183. A person of age and in possession of full
civil capacity and legal rights may adopt, provided he is in
a position to support and care for his children, legitimate
or illegitimate, in keeping with the means of the family.
Only minors may be adopted, except in the cases when the adoption of a person of majority ae is allowed in this Title.
In addtion, the adopter must be at least sixteen years older than the person to be adopted, unless the adopter is the parent by nature of the adopted, or is the spouse of the legitimate parent of the person to be adopted. (27a, EO 91 and PD 603)
Art. 184. The following persons may not adopt:
The parents by nature of the child, the legal
guardian, or the proper government instrumentality;
The legitimate children, ten years of age or over, of the adopting parents;
The illegitimate children, ten years of age or over, of the adopting parent, if living with said parent and the latter's spouse, if any; and
The spouse, if any, of the person adopting or to be adopted. (31a, EO 91 and PD 603)
Art. 189. Adoption shall be the following effects:
For civil purposes, the adopted shall be deemed to be a legitimatee child of the adopters and both shall acquire the reciprocal rights and obligations arising from the relationship of parent and child, including the right of the adopted to use the surname of the adopter;
The parental authorityof theparents by nature over the adopted shall terminate and be vested in the adopters, except that if the adopter,is the spouse of the parent by nature of the adopted, parental authority over the adopted shall be exercised jointly by both spouses; and
The adopted shall remain an intestate heir of his parents and other blood relatives. (39a, PD 603)
Art. 190. Legal or intestate succession to the estate of the adopted shall be governed by the following rules:
Art 194. Support comprises evrything indispensable
for sustance, dwelling, clothing, medical attendance, education and transportation, in keeping with the financial capacity of the family.
The education of the person entitled to be supported referred to in preceding paragraph shall include his schooling or training for some profession, trade or vocation, even beyond the age of majority. Transportation shall inbclude expenses in going to and from the school, or to and from place of work. (290a)
Art. 195. Subject to the provisions of the succeeding Articles, the following are obliged to support each other to the whole extent set forth in the preceding Article:
Art. 206. When, without the knowlege of the person obliged to give support, it is given by a stranger, the latter shall have the right to claim the same from the former,
unless it appears that he gave it without any intention of
being reimbursed. (2164a)
Art. 207. When the person obliged to support another unjustly refuses or fails to give support when urgently needed by the latter, any htied person may furnish support to the needy individual, with the irght of reimbursement from the person obliged to give support. This Article shall aplly
particlarly when the father or mother of a child under the age of majority unjustly refuse to support or fails to give support to the child when urgently neede. (2166a)
Art. 208. In case of contractual support or that given by will, the excess in amount beyond that required for legal support shall be subject to levy on attachment or execution.
Furthermore, contractual support shall be subject to adjustment whenever modification is necessary due to changes in circumstances mnifestly beyond the contemplation of the parties. (n)
Art. 225. The father and themother shall jointly exercise legal guardianship over the property of their unemancipated common child without the necessity of a court appointment. In case of disagreement, the father's decision shall
prevail, unless there is a judicial order to the contrary.
Where the market value of the property or the annual income of the child exceeds 50,000 pesos, the parent concerned shall be required to furnish a bond in such amount as the court determine, but not less than ten per centum (10%) of the value of the property or annual income, to guarantee the performance of the obligations prescribed for general guardians.
Art. 240. Claims for damages by either spouse, except
costs of the proceedings, may be litigated only in a separate action. (n)
Art. 241. Jurisdiction over the petition shall, upon proof of notice to the other spouse, be exercised by the proper court authorized to hear famil cases, if one exists, or in the regional trial court or its equivalnt, sitting in the place where either of the spouses resises. (n)
Art.242. Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall notify the other spouse, whose consent to the transaction is required, of said petition, ordering said spouse to show cause why the petition should not be granted, on or before the date set in said notice for the inital conference.
The notice shall be accompanied by a copy of the petition and shall be served at the last known address of the spouse concerned. (n)
Art. 243. A preliminary conference shall be conducted by the judge personally without the parties being assisted by counsel. After the inital conference, if the court deems it useful, the partues may be assisted by counsel at the succeeding conferences and hearings. (n)
Art. 244. In case of non-appearance of the spouse whose consent is sought, the court shall inquired into the reasons for his or her failure to appear, and shall require such appearance, if possible. (n)
Art. 245. If ,despite all efforts, the attendance of the non-consenting spouse is not secured, the court may proceed ex parte and render judgment as the facts and circumstances may warrant. In any case, the judge shall endeavor to protect the interests of the non-appearing spouse. (n)
Art. 246. If the petition is not resolved at the initial conference, said petition shall be decided in a summary hearing on the basis of affidavits, documentary evidence or oral testimonies at the sound discretion of the court. If testimony is neede, the court shall specify the witnesses to be heared and the subject-matter of their testimonies, directing the parties to present said witnesses. (n)
Art. 253. Those foregoing rules in Chapters 2 and 3 hereof shall likewise govern summary proceedings filed under
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
1Art. 223 on petitioning the court for an order providing disciplinary measures over a child; Art. 225 on petitioning the court of approval of the amount of the bond furnished by parents in exercising legal guardianship over the peoperty of their unemancipated child, the bond given to guarantee the performance of guardianship obligations by the parents; Art. 235 on petitioning the court's approval for Articles 41, 51,69, 73, 96, 124 and 217, 1 insofar as they are applicable. (n)
circulation, as certified by the Executive Secretary, Office
of the President.
Publication shall likewise be made in the Official Gazette. (n)
Done in the City of Manila, this 6th day of July, in
the year of Our Lord, Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Seven.
(Sgd.) CORAZON C. AQUINO
Republic of the Philippines
By the President:
(Sgd) JOKER P. ARROYO
Art. 234. (Original text) Emancipation takes place by
the attainment of majority. Unless otherwise provided, majority commences at the age of twenty-one years.
Emancipation also take splace:
Ab intio, 4, 42, 44, 50, 86
Abandonment, by adopted child, 192; of child, 217, 229, 253n; of spouse, 55, 76n, 101, 128, 135, 141, 239, 248.
Absence, of spouse, 41, 135, 141f, 253n.
Absolute community, 43, 50n, 61, 63, 75, 84, 88-104, 136ff, 141, 144, 148, 156, 197f.
Abuse, of child. 55, 217, 232; of property administration, 135, 141; of spouse, 55.
Accretion, of inheritance, 113.
Action, for annulment of marriage, 45-54; for damages, 240; for declaration of nullity, 35-44, 48-54; for legal separation, 55-67; to claim legitimacy, 173; to establish filiation, 175; to impugn filiation, 171; to impugn legitimacy, 170, 182; to suspend parental aithority, 231.
Ad litem, 222.
Addiction, see "Drug addiction."
Administratuor-spouse, and debts, 94,121.
Adoption, 5n, 26n, 38, 55, 163, 183, 184-193, 229.
Adultery, and legitimacy of child, 167.
Advice, duty of parents to children, 220; parental forriage, 16, 16 22.
Affection, duty of parents toward children, 220.
Affiliation, political, of spouse, 55.
Age, for adoption, 183, 187f; for marriage, 5, 12, 14f, 35, 45, 236; marriage void for lack of, 35; marriage voidable for lack of, 45; of child and mother`s custody, 102, 129, 213; of emancipation, 234; of majority, 234; when to file annulment, 47; when to rescind adoption, 191.
Airplane, and marriage, 7, 31, 41n.
Alcoholism, and legal separation, 55; and voidable marriage, 46.
Alien, and adoption, 184,187; marriage with, 26
Alienation, of family home, 158; of property by spouse, 64, 111f.
Aliens, marriage between, 80.
Allowance, monthly, for the child, 227.
Annulment of marriage, 4n, 11, 13, 26n, 35n, 42, 45-54, 62n, 86, 89, 99, 126, 178, 198, 237n, 253n.
Artificial insemination, and legitimacy, 164, 166.
Bad faith, 43f, 86, 147f.
Baptismal certificate, and marriage license application, 12f.
Beneficiary, of family home, 152-162; spouse fo insurance Policy, 43, 64.
Betting, losses and winnings from, 95, 117, 123.
Bigamous marriage, 26n 35, 55.
Biology, and legitimacy of child, 166.
Birth certificate, 12f, 164.
Blood, and marriage impediment, 5n, 26n, 37f.
Bond, parents to furnish, 225, 249n.
Bonds of marriage, 63.
Business, of spouse, 73, 145.
Capacity, legal for marriage, 1-34.
Career, right to spouse to, 253n.
Ceremony, of marriage required, 3.
Chambers of judge, marriage ceremony, 8.
Chance, and property gain or loss, 106, 117, 123.
Chapel, venue for marriage, 8.
Chaplain, minister of marriage, 7.
Character, misrepresentation, 46.
Child, and commitment to institutions, 224; and discipline from court, 223; not to be separated from mother, 213; working for parents, 227.
Child and Youth Welfare Code, 254.
Child, by nature or by adoption 55.
Chidren, abandoned, neglected, abuse, 217; not to testify in court, 215; orphaned, 235n, 249n; rights and duties of, 220.
Children-in-law, not to marry parents-in-law, 38.
Church, venue for marriage, 8.
Civil Code, articles repealed, 254.
Civil interdiction, 79, 135, 141f, 230.
Civilians, and marriage by military officer, 32.
Clothing, support for, 194.
Cohabitation, and legal separation, 61; and voidable marriage, 45; obligation of husbane and wife, 68; resumption of, 141; without marriage, 147f.
Collusion, marriage actions, 48,56, 60.
Commander, military and marriage by, 7, 32.
Community property,43, 61, 70, 88-104, 144, 148, 197f.
Companionship, duty of parents to chidren, 220.
Concealment, see "Fraud"
Condonation, and legal separation, 56.
Conference, preliminary in marriage cases, 242f, 246.
Confession of judgment, in marriage cases, 48, 60.
Conjugal dwelling, 50, 101f, 128f.
Conjugal funds, 118, 129.
Conjugal home, 100, 127, 141.
Conjugal life, 1.
Conjugal obligations, 70.
Conjugal partnership, 43, 50, 50n, 61, 63, 75, 105-142, 148, 156, 197f.
Conjugal union, 72.
Connivance, and legal separation, 56.
Consent, of party to marriage, 2; to adoption, 188; of parents to marriage, 14, 16, 22, 35, 45, 47, 78, 86, 188, 236; of spouse to transaction, 73, 94-98, 100, 111, 121, 124f, 127, 145, 147, 156, 156, 239, 242, 244f; to offense and legal separation, 56.
Consul,and marriage abroad, 7, 8,1 0
Corporal punishment,of child, 233
Corruption,of child, 55, 231.
Counsel,right of child to,223
Counselling,for marriage,16;duty of parents,220;see also231.
Co-ownership,and community property, 90; in union without
Crime,and suspension of parental authority ,230; and voidable marriage, 46.
Cruelty,and parental authority, 231
Culpable negligence, 231.
Cultural communities,and marriage, 33.
Custody of child , 43, 49, 50, 62 ,63, 102, 129, 213, 216, 218.
Customs, (preamble 2), 33 ,74, 149.
Damages, caused by child, 219,, 221, 236n.
Damages, claimed by one spouse, 72.
Danger, from spouse, 72.
Death,and family home, 159;filiation of child, 171; and legitimacy of child, 173;and marriage,130; and parental authority, 212, 214, 228;and termination of
absolute community, 99, 103f; and termination of conjugal patnership,126, 130-33.
Death,marriage ay point of, 6ff, 27.
Death, of absent spouse;41,41n.
Death, presumptive, 35n.
Death certificate, and marriage licence,13.
Death of spoouse, and support of children, 133; and support of surviving spouse, 133.
Debtor-spouse, 67, 94.
Debts, 94, 102, 121f, 129, 129n, 155, 160.
Deceit , 46.
Decision, 96, 124, 211, 225.
Declaration,of nullity, 13, 26n,35-44, 48-54, 62n, 86, 99, 126, 198, 237n, 253n.
Declaration, of presumtive death , 41, 253n.
Decree,of absolute nullity, 51;of annulment, 13, 51;of divorce, 13;of legal separation , 56, 59f, 63f, 66, 99, 126,141;of separation of property, 135, 137, 141.
Disagreement, 69, 73, 96, 124, 211, 225.
Disappearance, of spouse, 41.
Discipline, 220, 223, 249n.
Dishonor, from spouse, 72.
Dissolution, of absolute community, 43, 50n, 63, 99-104, 134-142; of conjugal partnership, 43, 50n, 63, 106f, 126-142.
Distress, of famliy, 98, 125.
Divorce, 12, 26.
Domicile, 69, 253n.
Donation, 43, 44, 64, 81-7, 92, 94, 113f, 121, 125, 158.
Donor, in artificial insemination, 164.
Drug addiction, and legal separation, 55; and voidable marriage, 46.
Duties, of parents, 209f, 236; of spouses, 71f.
Dwelling, 50, 101f, 128f, 152, 194, 204.
Education, 94, 121, 194, 220, 226.
Emancipation, 14, 228, 234-7, 249n.
Equality between men and women, (Preamble3).
Ethnic communities, and marriage, 33.
Exclusive property, 92, 102, 109-115, 129, 142, 156.
Expenses, 70, 71, 94, 121, 146, 194.
Family, defined, 149.
Family dwelling, 152, 194, 204.
Family Expenses, 146.
Family home, 152-162.
Father, 11, 14, 174, 207, 211, 225.
Fidelity, obligation of husband and wife, 68.
Force, and voidable marriage, 45, 47.
Foreighn citizen, and marriage, 21, 26.
Fraud, and artificial insemination, 166; and voidable marriage, 45ff.
Fugitive spouse, 142.
Gambling, and joint property, 95, 117, 123.
Gifts, between spouses, 87.
Good faith, 35, 64, 73, 147.
Grandparent, and parental authority, 214ff.
Guardian, and adoption, 184, 188, 193; and exclusive property, 142; and joint property administration, 61; and legitime, 51; and marriage, 11, 14f, 35, 45, 47, 78n, 86; and marriage settlements, 79; and parental authority, 212, 216, 219, 236, 236n.
Guardianship, and child`s property, 225, 249n,; by one spouse of the other, 142.
Guidance, duty of parents, 220.
Help, obligation between husband and wife, 68.
Homosexuality, and legal separation, 55; and voidable marriage, 46.
Household, and union without marriage, 147.
Household management, right and duty of both spouses, 71.
Husband, and artificial inemination, 164; and child`s legitimacy, 166; and decision-making, 96, 124; and pregnancy not from, 46.
Identity, mistake in, 26n, 35.
Illegitimacy, see :Legitimacy."
Imam, and marriage, 7, 16.
Impediments, to marriage, 35-54.
Impotence, and legitimacy of child, 166; and voidable marriage,45.
Imprisonment, and legal separtion, 55.
In articulo mortis, 6, 7n, 29, 31, 32.
Incapacity, physical, 45, 166; psychological 26n, 36, 39n, 54.
Incestous marriage, 37.
Income, 19, 70, 92, 104, 106, 131, 146, 157, 226f.
Infidelity, sexual, 55.
Influence, undue, ans artificial insemination, 166; and
voidable marriage, 45, 47.
Ingratitude, and revocation of donation, 86.
Injuries, from child and parents` liability, 221.
Injury, from spouse, 72.
Insanity, 47, 173.
Insemination, artificial, 164, 166.
Insurance, 43, 64.
Inter vivos, 147.
Intercourse, sexual, 166.
Intimidation, and artificial insemination, 166; and voidable marriage, 45, 47.
Jewelry, part of community property, 92.
Killing of spouse, attempt at and legal separation, 55.
Lasciviousness, and suspension of parental authority, 231.
Legal separation, 55-67.
Legitimacy, 43, 54, 163-182.
Legitime, 50ff, 102, 129, 151, 176, 227, 253n.
Lesbianism, 46, 55.
License, amrriage, 3, 9-35.
Lien, 64, 94, 121.
Litigation, between spouses, 94, 121.
Love, 68, 220.
Lucid interval, 47.
Marriage, a contract, 1, 77; abroad, 7n, 10, 55; and ages of parties, 5, 14f, 35, 45; and force, 45; and fraud, 45f, 46; and impotence, 45.
Marriage, and mistaken identity, 35; and parental advice, 15; and parental consent, 14; and unsound mind, 45; and venereal diseases, 45; at the point of death, 6, 27, 29, 31f; bigamous or polygamous, 35.
Marriage ceremony, 3, 6; counselling required, 16; defini tion, 1; essential requisites, 3; governed by law, 1; in a ship, 31; in an airplane, 31; incestious, 37.
Marriage, irregularity in, 4; of aliens, 21; parental consent, 45; purpose, 1; solemnizing officers, 7; termination by death, 103; venue for, 8.
Marriage, void and voidable, 4, 35-54; with alien, 26.
Marriage bonds, and legal separation, 63.
Marriage certificate, contents of, 22; copies of, 23, 30; signing of, 6.
Marriage counselling, 16.
Marriage license, application, 11-4; exemption, 27-34; expiration date, 20; issuing office, 9f.
Marriage settlements, and marriage of a minor, 78; and civil interdiction, 79; in writing, 77; modifications, 76; when not enforceable, 81.
Military commander, to solemnize marriage, 7, 32.
Ministers, of marriage, 7.
Minor, and adoption, 183, 187, 191ff; anf family home, 159; and legitimacy, 173 custody of, 63; damages caused by, 236; emancipation of, 234f; in school, 218f; marriage of, 47, 78, 237.
Misrepresentation, and voidable marriage, 46.
Moral guidance, duty of parents, 220.
Moral pressure, and legal separation, 55.
Moral turpitude, and adoption, 184; and voidable marriage, 46.
Mortgage, 111, 155.
Mother, and adultery, 167; and custody of child, 63, 63n, 102, 129, 213; and surname of child, 174, 176.
Muslims, marriage among, 33.
Nullity, of marriage, 13, 26, 35, 39f, 48, 51f, 54, 62n, 198, 237n, 253n.
Obidience, from children, 211, 220.
Obligation, incurred by one spouse, 73.
Occupation, right of spouse, 73.
Orphanages, 217, 253n.
Ownership, of child's property, 226f.
Owner-spouse, 112, 120.
Parentage, and successive marriages, 168.
Parental advice, 15f, 22.
Parental authority, 45, 49n, 78n, 135, 141, 176, 186, 189, 191, 193, 200, 209-37, 249n, 251.
Parents, and child's property, 225; and damages caused bychild, 219, 236n; rights and duties of, 220.
Partition, of family home, 159; of properties, 50ff, 102, 129.
Partnership property, administration of, 124; coverage, 116; division of, 129; items excluded, 109.
Partnerships, from successive marriages, 131.
Paternity, see "Filiation."
Pendente lite, 203.
Perversion, sexual and legal separation, 55.
Physical incapacity, 45, 166.
Physical violence, and legal separation, 55.
Political affiliation, and legal separation, 55.
Pregnancy, and fraud, 46.
Prescription, and marriage action, 39, 56f.
Presumptive death, 35n, 41, 253n.
Presumptive legitime, 50-2, 102, 102n, 129, 253n.
Priest, minister of marriage, 7, 16.
Profession, right of a spouse, 73.
Property administration, abuse of, 135, 141,; by child, 227; by one spouse, 101, 128, 142, 248; by third party, 61; of community property, 96ff; of estate left by deceased, 132; of exclusive property, 110ff, 142; of partnership property, 124f.
Property of child, and right of parents, 226.
Property of spouses, upon marriage termination, 50.
Priperty regime, agreement to dissolve, 136; kinds of, 75; pending legal separation, 61.
Property relations, and union without marriage, 147; governed by Philippine laws, 80; sources of rules on, 74; when not governed by Philippine laws, 80.
Property succession, and legal separation, 63.
Prostitution, and legal separation, 55; of adopted child, 55.
Psychological incapacity, 26n, 36, 39n, 54n.
Punishment, corporal, 233.
Quasi-delicy. 94, 219.
Rabbi, and marriage, 7.
Reappearance, of spouse, 41f, 102n, 141.
Receivership, and joint property, 101, 128.
Reciprocal offenses, and legal separation, 56.
Reconciliation, court to attempt at, 59; after legal separation, 65; effects of, 66; and property relations, 67, 141; when impropbable, 135.
Recreation, parents' duty to supervise, 220.
Refugees, marriage of, 21.
Registries of property, and children's legitimes, 52.
Relations, property, 73-148.
Religion, and marriage, 6f, 7, 22.
Religious affiliation, and legal separation, 55.
Remarraige, after killing of previous spouse, 38; and absence of previous spouse, 41-4; and child's legitimacy, 54; and child's paternity, 168f; and divorce of alien spouse, 26; and guardianship, 225; and license application, 11f; and nullity or annulment of previous marriage, 40, 53; and parental authority, 212; and property regime, 103, 130; attempt at and legal separation, 55; null and void. 35n.
Residence, and family home, 152f, 162; and marriage certificate, 22; and marriage license, 9, 11f, 17, 28f; and property of child, 225; and appearance of spouse, 42; separate, 69; abroad of one spouse, 69, 253n.
Residence certificate, and application for marriage license, 11f.
Reverence, from children, 211.
Rites, and marriage, 6, 33.
Sanity, and voidable marriage, 47.
School authority, and child, 218. 233.
Schooling, right of child, 194.
Science, and legitimacy of child, 166.
Sect, religious and minister of marriage, 7.
Self-discipline, and children, 220.
Self-improvement, right of spouse to, 94, 121.
Separation of property, judicial, 89, 99, 99n, 101.
Separation in fact, and absolute community, 100; and conjugal partnership, 127; and legitimacy of child, 166; and parental authority, 213; and property tansaction, 239, 48; and reconcilliation, 141; and separation of property, 135; and support, 100.
Separate of property, and civil interdiction, 141; and family expenses, 146; and powers of each spouse, 145; and right of creditors, 140; and support during trial, 137; causes of, 135; judicial, 126, 128, 134-41; knids of, 144; motion to reverse, 141; recording of, 139; regime of, 75, 103, 130, 134f, 143-6.
Sexual abuse, of child, 232.
Sexual impotence. 45, 166.
Sexual infidelilty, and legal separation, 55.
Sexual intercourse, and legitimacy, 166.
Sexual perversion, and legal separation,, 55.
Sexually-transmissible disease, 45f.
Ship, and marriage, 7, 31, 41n.
Sperm, and legitimacy, 164.
Spiritual guidance, duty of parents, 220.
Spouse, accused of crime, 142; fugitive from justice, 142; return of absentee, 141.
Stipulation of facts, and marriage actions, 48, 60.
Substitute parental authority, 45, 214, 216, 219, 225, 233.
Substitute parents, and parental authority, 233.
Succession, 43, 51, 63, 84, 174, 189, 190.
Summary proceedings, and force of judgment, 247; and non-appearance of spouse, 244f; and petitions involving parents, 249-52; and preliminary conference, 243; and property administration, 239; and summary hearing, 246; and technical rules, 238; coverage of, 253; venues of, 241, 250.
Support, adjustment of amount, 208; amount os, 201f; and annulment, 198; and attachment, 208; and debts of receiver, 205; and education, 194; and heirs of recepient, 203; and legal se[paration, 198; and nullity declaration, 198; and reimbursement of giver, 206; and transportation. 194; concurrent givers and recipients, 200.
Support, coverage of, 194; excess of, 208; exempt from attachment, 205; forfeiture of, 196; obligation of husband and wife, 68; options of giver, 204; period to deliver, 203; period to demand, 203; persons obliged, 195f, 199, 207; property affected, 197; reimbursement of giver, 207; unjust refusal, 207.
Support of children, and community property, 94; and terminated marriage, 43; and partnership propertyu, 121; and separation in fact, 127; during marriage actions, 49; pending legal separation, 62; upon marriage termination, 50.
Support of family, spouse jointly responsible, 70.
Support of illegitimate children, and partnership, 94, 121f.
Support of spouses, and community property, 94; and partnership property, 121; and separation in fact, 127; during marriage actions, 49; pending legal separation, 62.
Surnamen, 174, 176, 189, 193.
Suspension, of parental authority, 191, 223, 231.
Sweepstakes, 95, 123.
Raxes, and joint property, 94, 121.
Teacher, 218, 233.
Temple, marriage venue, 8.
Thrift, and child, 220.
Treasure, and partnership property, 117.
Underage, 26, 26n.
Union without marriage, 147.
Violence, and legal separation, 55.
Visitation rights, 49.
Vocational training, of child, 194; of spouse, 94, 121.
Wife, artificial insemination of, 164; right of recourse to court, 96, 124, 253n.
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